Deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities - causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) - what is it?
- Deep vein thrombosis is dangerous!
- Thrombosis of deep veins in varicose veins
- Deep vein thrombosis - causes of DVT
- Risk groups for deep vein thrombosis
- What symptoms develop with deep vein thrombosis
- Deep Vein Thrombosis - Diagnosis
- Surgical treatments for deep vein thrombosis
- Deep vein thrombosis - treatment in Moscow
- Deep Vein Thrombosis - Conservative Treatment
- Deep vein thrombosis medications
- Diet for deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities
- Deep vein thrombosis - treatment at home
- Prevention of deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities
- Deep vein thrombosis - reviews of our patients
- Frequently Asked Questions from Our Patients on the Internet about Deep Vein Thrombosis
Based on the name, deep vein thrombosis is a disease in which blood clots (blood clots) form in the lumen of deep veins. Most often, the lower limbs suffer.
The mechanism of development of deep vein thrombosis
With the development of the disease, deep vessel health is at risk. If you do not prescribe treatment on time, there can be serious consequences.
This is how thrombosis of the glomerular veins of the lower extremities looks like
Due to the formation of thrombi, the normal flow of blood is disrupted, and this leads to blockage of blood vessels. With such disorders, tissue necrosis may occur in some areas of the body. In the worst case, the blood clots form and fall into the heart or lung. In such cases, because of thromboembolism of the artery of the lung, a person dies.
Deep vein thrombosis - Wikipedia says ...
DVT is considered a pathological condition that is characterized by the formation of thrombi in the deep vein cavity. Such a disease is observed in 10-20% of the total population. 3-15% of people who have not received proper treatment die from pulmonary embolism.
Very often, deep vein thrombosis becomes a complication of varicose veins.
Deep vein thrombosis is often a complication of varicose veins.
The severity of the disease will depend on the location of the thrombus and its size. If complete blockage of the vessel does not occur, the symptoms of the disease may be completely absent.
Deep vein thrombosis often occurs with a combination of several factors:
- when blood coagulability is violated;
- when the blood flow slows down;
- with damage to the vascular walls.
There are risk factors that trigger the occurrence of thrombosis, these are:
- elderly age;
- use of certain drugs, including oral contraceptives;
- pregnancy and childbirth;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- some operations;
- injuries that damage blood vessels.
The risk group includes people who:
- varicose veins;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- operations on the extremities, as well as in the pelvic and abdominal regions;
- there were fractures of the bones of the legs;
- there are tumors in the abdominal cavity, pelvis and retroperitoneal space;
- dyshormonal state of the endocrine or reproductive system;
- positional squeezing syndrome.
As a rule, the symptoms do not appear immediately, only in the case of an increase in the thrombus. If there is a clot laceration, dyspnea, pain in the chest area, hemoptysis may occur.
Recognize the development of the disease can be on such symptoms:
- swelling of the legs;
- cyanotic skin tone;
- pain during movement.
The main symptom of deep vein thrombosis is leg pain!
If there are such signs - most likely, you have a deep vein thrombosis. Stages or variants of the flow determine the method of treatment.
The main method for diagnosing deep vein thrombosis today is ultrasound duplex scanning. With ultrasound, you can determine the location of the thrombus, its size, condition (it is attached to the walls of the vein or hangs in the lumen - it floats).
Dr. Malakhov A.M. conducts ultrasound diagnostics of deep veins of the lower extremities
Also, phlebography and radionuclide scanning are prescribed to assess venous blood flow. The state of microcirculation is evaluated on the basis of rheovasography.
If the patient has a severe form of thrombosis of the lower extremities, the most effective method of treatment is taken - surgical intervention - thrombolysis. An operation performed in time makes it possible to restore full blood flow, if the diagnosis is deep vein thrombosis. Only a timely intervention can completely cure the patient from this serious condition. Thrombolysis is carried out only in stationary conditions and by very experienced endovascular surgeons. Treatment after surgery is also aimed at the same goal - resorption of blood clots.
In addition to thrombolysis, there are two other surgical methods for treating deep vein thrombosis - thrombectomy with angioplasty and the installation of a blood clot trap - a cava filter.
Surgical treatments for deep vein thrombosis
Modern Moscow medicine offers several methods for treating deep vein thrombosis, the use of which depends on the severity of the disease. In the early stages, thrombolytic drugs can be dispensed with if you have deep vein thrombosis. Treatment (Moscow is a city where there are world luminaries in phlebology) must be very qualified. In the later stages, such therapy is dangerous due to the possible separation of a blood clot and the occurrence of pulmonary embolism. If severe circulatory disorders and deep vein thrombosis are observed, treatment is surgery (thrombectomy).
With conservative treatment, you can only stop or slow the progression of the disease. Such therapy can also be prescribed for complex treatment.
Principles of conservative therapy:
- compression therapy (elastic compression) - the result of this effect is the exclusion of the mechanisms of progression of varicose veins, without such therapy, conservative treatment is impossible;
- the required level of compression is achieved through the use of special knitwear (a special medical product), in this case it is important to choose the right size for compression knitwear;
- Compression jersey is capable of removing edema, pain and fatigue of the lower limbs;
- the necessary result is achieved with a constant application of elastic compression.
Course treatment with anticoagulants (drugs that do not allow clotting of blood) is implied. The average duration of such a course is at least 3 months, and sometimes a longer time. A combination of drugs that differ in the mechanism of exposure is provided. An important step in the medical treatment of DVT is the selection of blood thinners. To prevent gastrointestinal complications, some drugs are administered parenterally.
Pharmacotherapy is often performed on an outpatient basis. In severe forms of the disease, patients who have suffered pulmonary embolism or thrombosis of the vena cava are hospitalized each year in a therapeutic or cardiological unit at 2-3 weeks, where infusion hemorheological and cardiotonic therapy is performed.
In case of vein thrombosis, a diet should be observed, excluding foods containing a significant amount of vitamin K and C from the diet. It is also recommended that moderate fluid intake is recommended.
You need to eat foods that thin the blood, for example, garlic, pepper and artichoke.
Today, along with traditional methods of treating the disease, traditional medicine is practiced if deep vein thrombosis is defined. Treatment with folk remedies is used as a supplement to the main treatment.
The first thing to do is to dilute the blood. If you have deep vein thrombosis, treatment with folk methods includes the use of the following products:
- onion and garlic;
- sunflower seeds;
- Apple vinegar;
- tomatoes or tomato juice;
To dilute the blood should be approached with caution, so as not to provoke bleeding. It is not recommended to eat fatty and meat products if there is deep vein thrombosis. Photos, the results of improper treatment are on the Internet.
Daily you can eat one spoonful of the mixture, prepared from pounded garlic, two tablespoons of unrefined vegetable oil and one tablespoon of honey.
Prevention of the disease, above all, is aimed at eliminating the causes that cause the development of vascular diseases. Thus, you need to get rid of bad habits, reduce body weight, treat diabetes, reduce cholesterol in the blood and move more. So it will be possible to defeat thrombosis of deep veins of the lower extremities (diet, photos, the results should become an incentive!).
Testimonial of our patient about the treatment of deep vein thrombosis in the center "MIFTS"
Anita, 38 years old, Moscow.
I want to thank the clinic staff for their professionalism. With their help, I again began to trust traditional medicine. Before I went to the clinic, I had repeatedly undergone various medical procedures for deep vein thrombosis on the legs. At first I had varicose veins with a complication, in which I had surgery on a “vein binder”. As a result of this, I almost became disabled. On the advice of my friends, I turned to the doctors of the "MIFTS" clinic, who brought me back to a full life. It’s good that everything went without surgery. Anita, 38 years, Moscow.
Patient feedback on the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis in our center
Andrew, 40 years, Krasnogorsk.
Due to frequent stressful situations and bad habits, I had problems with my legs, or rather, a violation of blood circulation. Legs often swelled, chenille and sometimes hurt when walking. On the Internet, I accidentally saw an article on venous thrombosis, while the symptoms described coincided with my sensations. I just recently advised the phlebology clinic, and I decided to go for a consultation. Doctor Malakhov A.M. diagnosed with acute deep vein thrombosis. At first I was reassured and told that in this case you can not do without surgical intervention. Since there was no other way out, I agreed and did not regret it. The operation in the vascular department of the city hospital, where I was urgently hospitalized, to remove the thrombus was successful and without complications. Now nothing threatens my life, thanks to the doctors of the MIFTs Clinic for their professionalism and “human” attitude towards patients! Andrey, 40 years, Moscow.
Maxim from Moscow is interested in: how to understand that there are blood clots in the veins?
Dear Maxim! It is reliable to understand that there are blood clots in the veins, only a specialist, phlebologist or vascular surgeon can. And even a specialized specialist will need instrumental support, ultrasound examination of blood vessels. You can assume that you have blood clots in your veins by the following symptoms:
- Cyanosis of the skin.
- Soreness, swelling of tissues, redness of the skin along the veins.
Agatha from St. Petersburg is interested in: if there are blood clots in the veins, how to recognize them, symptoms and treatment?
Dear Agatha! Blood clots in the veins can be detected using ultrasound duplex scanning. The following symptoms indicate the presence of blood clots in the veins: edema, pain, discoloration of the limb. The best diagnosis option, as well as subsequent treatment, will be to contact a good phlebology center.
Nikolai from Novorossiysk is interested in: how to recognize a blood clot on a leg?
Dear Nikolay! In order to recognize a blood clot on the leg, you need to seek professional medical help. Alternatively, do an ultrasound examination of the vessels of the lower limb. The best solution would be to consult with a specialist, phlebologist.
Maria from Ivanovo is interested in: how to determine blood clots in the legs?
Dear Maria! From the point of view of modern diagnostics, the best way to determine blood clots in the legs is an ultrasound examination of the vessels of the lower extremities.
Matvey from Ryazan is interested in: a blood clot in Vienna, how is it formed?
Dear Matvey! A blood clot in a vein is formed as a result of a complex chain of biochemical reactions during which a network of insoluble fibrin molecules is formed from fibrinogen molecules. In the latter, blood cells are fixed, creating a dense intravascular structure, which is a blood clot.
Ivan from Tula asks: how to determine a blood clot?
Dear Ivan! A thrombus can be determined by various methods, both by computer and magnetic resonance imaging, and by a good ultrasound examination. The latter technique is optimal in terms of price and quality and is the gold standard for the diagnosis of thrombosis.
Madina from Makhachkala asks: how to prevent blood clots in the vessels?
Dear Madina! It is possible to prevent the formation of blood clots in the vessels, if examined by a phlebologist in a timely manner, follow the doctor's recommendations, eliminate varicose veins, if detected.