Deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities Causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of deep vein thrombosis

Contents:

  1. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) - what is it?
  2. Deep vein thrombosis is dangerous!
  3. Thrombosis of deep veins in varicose veins
  4. Deep vein thrombosis - causes of DVT
  5. Risk groups for deep vein thrombosis
  6. What symptoms develop with deep vein thrombosis
  7. Deep vein thrombosis - diagnosis
  8. Surgical treatments for deep vein thrombosis
  9. Deep vein thrombosis - treatment in Moscow
  10. Deep Vein Thrombosis - Conservative Treatment 
  11. Deep vein thrombosis medications
  12. Diet for deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities
  13. Deep Vein Thrombosis - Home Treatment
  14. Prevention of deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities
  15. Deep vein thrombosis - reviews of our patients
  16. Frequently Asked Questions from Our Patients on the Internet about Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) - what is it?

 

Deep vein thrombosis is a condition in which blood clots (thrombi) form in the lumen of the deep veins. The lower limbs are most often affected.

The mechanism of development of deep vein thrombosis

The mechanism of development of deep vein thrombosis

 

With the development of the disease, deep vessel health is at risk. If you do not prescribe treatment on time, there can be serious consequences.

Deep vein thrombosis is dangerous!

Deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities

This is how thrombosis of the glomerular veins of the lower extremities looks like

 

Due to the formation of thrombi, the normal flow of blood is disrupted, and this leads to blockage of blood vessels. With such disorders, tissue necrosis may occur in some areas of the body. In the worst case, the blood clots form and fall into the heart or lung. In such cases, because of thromboembolism of the artery of the lung, a person dies.

Deep vein thrombosis - wikipedia says ...

 

DVT is considered a pathological condition that is characterized by the formation of thrombi in the deep vein cavity. Such a disease is observed in 10-20% of the total population. 3-15% of people who have not received proper treatment die from pulmonary embolism.

Thrombosis of deep veins in varicose veins

 

Very often, deep vein thrombosis becomes a complication of varicose veins.

Deep vein thrombosis is often a complication of varicose veins.

Deep vein thrombosis is often a complication of varicose veins.

 

The severity of the disease will depend on the location of the thrombus and its size. If complete blockage of the vessel does not occur, the symptoms of the disease may be completely absent.

Deep vein thrombosis - causes of DVT

 

Deep vein thrombosis often occurs with a combination of several factors:

  • when blood coagulability is violated;
  • when the blood flow slows down;
  • with damage to the vascular walls.

There are risk factors that trigger the occurrence of thrombosis, these are:

  • elderly age;
  • smoking;
  • overweight;
  • use of certain drugs, including oral contraceptives;
  • pregnancy and childbirth;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • some operations;
  • injuries that damage blood vessels.

Risk groups for deep vein thrombosis

 

The risk group includes people who:

  • varicose veins;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • operations on the extremities, as well as in the pelvic and abdominal regions;
  • there were fractures of the bones of the legs;
  • there are tumors in the abdominal cavity, pelvis and retroperitoneal space;
  • dyshormonal state of the endocrine or reproductive system;
  • positional squeezing syndrome.

What symptoms develop with deep vein thrombosis

 

As a rule, the symptoms do not appear immediately, only in the case of an increase in the thrombus. If there is a clot laceration, dyspnea, pain in the chest area, hemoptysis may occur.

Recognize the development of the disease can be on such symptoms:

  • swelling of the legs;
  • cyanotic skin tone;
  • pain during movement.

The main symptom of deep vein thrombosis is leg pain!

The main symptom of deep vein thrombosis is leg pain!

 

If these signs are present, you most likely have deep vein thrombosis. The stages or variants of the course determine the method of treatment.

Deep vein thrombosis - diagnosis

 

The main method for diagnosing deep vein thrombosis today is ultrasound duplex scanning. With ultrasound, you can determine the location of the thrombus, its size, condition (it is attached to the walls of the vein or hangs in the lumen - it floats).

Dr. Malakhov A.M. diagnoses deep veins of the lower extremities

Dr. Malakhov A.M. conducts ultrasound diagnostics of deep veins of the lower extremities

 

Also, phlebography and radionuclide scanning are prescribed to assess venous blood flow. The state of microcirculation is evaluated on the basis of rheovasography. 

Surgical treatments for deep vein thrombosis

 

If a patient has a severe form of thrombosis of the lower extremities, the most effective method of treatment is surgery - thrombolysis. A timely operation makes it possible to restore full blood flow, if the diagnosis is deep vein thrombosis. Only a timely intervention can completely cure the patient from this serious condition. Thrombolysis is performed only in an inpatient setting and by highly experienced endovascular surgeons. Treatment after surgery is also aimed at the same goal - resorption of blood clots.

In addition to thrombolysis, there are two other surgical methods for treating deep vein thrombosis - thrombectomy with angioplasty and the installation of a blood clot trap - a cava filter. 

Surgical treatments for deep vein thrombosis

Surgical treatments for deep vein thrombosis

  

Deep vein thrombosis - treatment in Moscow

 

Modern Moscow medicine offers several methods of treating deep vein thrombosis, the use of which depends on the severity of the disease. Thrombolytic drugs can be dispensed with in the early stages if you have deep vein thrombosis. Treatment (Moscow is a city where there are world luminaries in phlebology) must be very qualified. In the later stages, such therapy is dangerous due to the possible separation of a thrombus and the occurrence of thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery. If severe circulatory disorders and deep vein thrombosis are observed, treatment is an operation (thrombectomy).

Deep Vein Thrombosis - Conservative Treatment 

 

With conservative treatment, you can only stop or slow the progression of the disease. Such therapy can also be prescribed for complex treatment.

Principles of conservative therapy:

  • compression therapy (elastic compression) - the result of this effect is the exclusion of the mechanisms of progress of varicose veins, without such therapy, conservative treatment is impossible;
  • the required level of compression is achieved through the use of special knitwear (a special medical product), in this case it is important to choose the right size for compression knitwear;
  • Compression jersey is capable of removing edema, pain and fatigue of the lower limbs;
  • the necessary result is achieved with a constant application of elastic compression.

Deep vein thrombosis medications

 

Course treatment with anticoagulants (drugs that do not allow clotting of blood) is implied. The average duration of such a course is at least 3 months, and sometimes a longer time. A combination of drugs that differ in the mechanism of exposure is provided. An important step in the medical treatment of DVT is the selection of blood thinners. To prevent gastrointestinal complications, some drugs are administered parenterally.

Pharmacotherapy is often performed on an outpatient basis. In severe forms of the disease, patients who have suffered pulmonary embolism or thrombosis of the vena cava are hospitalized each year in a therapeutic or cardiological unit at 2-3 weeks, where infusion hemorheological and cardiotonic therapy is performed.

Diet for deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities

 

In case of vein thrombosis, a diet should be observed, excluding foods containing a significant amount of vitamin K and C from the diet. It is also recommended that moderate fluid intake is recommended.

You need to eat foods that thin the blood, for example, garlic, pepper and artichoke.

Deep Vein Thrombosis - Home Treatment

Today, along with traditional methods of treating the disease, traditional medicine is practiced if deep vein thrombosis is determined. Treatment with folk remedies is used as an adjunct to the main treatment.

The first thing to do is to thin the blood. If you have deep vein thrombosis, traditional treatments include the following foods:

  • onion and garlic;
  • sunflower seeds;
  • cocoa;
  • beets;
  • Apple vinegar;
  • tomatoes or tomato juice;
  • Hercules;
  • oatmeal;
  • cranberries;
  • oatmeal;
  • lemon;
  • cherry;
  • viburnum.

Thinning blood must be approached with caution so as not to provoke bleeding. It is not recommended to eat fatty and meat products if there is deep vein thrombosis. Photos, the results of the wrong treatment are on the Internet.

Daily you can eat one spoonful of the mixture, prepared from pounded garlic, two tablespoons of unrefined vegetable oil and one tablespoon of honey.

Prevention of deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities

 

Prevention of the disease, first of all, is aimed at eliminating the causes of the development of vascular diseases. Thus, you need to get rid of bad habits, reduce body weight, treat diabetes mellitus, lower blood cholesterol levels and move more. So it will be possible to defeat deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities (diet, photos, results should be a stimulus!).

Deep vein thrombosis - reviews of our patients.

 

Testimonial of our patient about the treatment of deep vein thrombosis in the center "MIFTS"

Anita, 38 years old, Moscow.

I would like to thank the clinic staff for their professionalism. With their help, I began to trust traditional medicine again. Before I went to the clinic, I repeatedly underwent various treatment procedures for deep vein thrombosis in my legs. At first I had varicose veins with a complication, in which they underwent an operation for "filing the veins". As a result, I practically became disabled. On the advice of my friends, I turned to the doctors at the MIFC clinic, who brought me back to a full life. It's good that everything was done without surgical intervention. Anita, 38 years old, Moscow.

Patient feedback on the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis in our center 

Andrew, 40 years, Krasnogorsk.

Due to frequent stressful situations and bad habits, I have problems with my legs, or rather, impaired blood circulation. The legs were often swollen, blue and sometimes painful when walking. On the Internet, I accidentally saw an article about venous thrombosis, while the described symptoms coincided with my feelings. I was just recently advised a phlebology clinic, and I decided to go for a consultation. Doctor Malakhov A.M. diagnosed with acute deep vein thrombosis. At first I was reassured and told that in this case, surgical intervention was necessary. Since there was no other way out, I agreed, and did not regret it. The operation in the vascular department of the city hospital, where I was urgently hospitalized, to remove the blood clot was successful and without complications. Now nothing threatens my life, thanks to the doctors of the clinic "MIFC" for their professionalism and "human" attitude towards patients! Andrey, 40 years old, Moscow.

Frequently Asked Questions from Our Patients on the Internet about Deep Vein Thrombosis 

 

 How to understand that there are blood clots in the veins? 

It is only a specialist, phlebologist or vascular surgeon who can reliably understand that there are blood clots in the veins. And even a specialized specialist will need instrumental support, an ultrasound examination of blood vessels. It is possible to assume that you have blood clots in your veins by the following signs:

  • Edema.
  • Cyanosis of the skin.
  • Soreness, swelling of tissues, redness of the skin along the veins.

 If there are blood clots in the veins, how to recognize them, symptoms and treatment? 

Blood clots in the veins can be recognized using duplex ultrasound scanning. The following symptoms indicate the presence of blood clots in the veins: edema, pain, discoloration of the limb. The best diagnostic option, as well as subsequent treatment, would be to contact a good phlebological center.

 How to recognize a blood clot on your leg? 

In order to recognize a blood clot on your leg, you need to seek professional medical attention. Alternatively, do an ultrasound examination of the vessels of the lower extremity. The best solution would be to consult a narrow specialist, phlebologist.

 How to identify blood clots in the legs? 

From the point of view of modern diagnostics, the best way to identify blood clots in the legs is an ultrasound examination of the vessels of the lower extremities.

A thrombus in a vein, how is it formed? 

A thrombus in a vein is formed as a result of a complex chain of biochemical reactions, during which a network of insoluble fibrin molecules is formed from fibrinogen molecules. In the latter, blood cells are fixed, creating a dense intravascular structure, which is a thrombus.

 How to identify a blood clot? 

A thrombus can be determined by various methods, both computed and magnetic resonance imaging, and a good ultrasound examination. The latter technique is more optimal in terms of price-quality ratio and is the gold standard for diagnosing thrombosis.

How to prevent blood clots from forming in blood vessels? 

It is possible to prevent the formation of blood clots in the vessels if you are examined by a phlebologist in a timely manner, follow the doctor's recommendations, and eliminate varicose veins, if detected.