Darkening of the skin (hyperpigmentation) of the lower extremities with varicose veins is caused by the accumulation of hemosiderin pigment in the skin. The latter is a breakdown product of hemoglobin contained in erythrocytes. The process of hyperpigmentation is closely associated with chronic venous congestion due to impaired outflow along the varicose veins. A change in skin color occurs in the late stages of varicose veins, which indicates the duration of the pathological process. Initially, redness caused by inflammation is more common. As blood continues to accumulate under the skin, breakdown of the red blood cells causes the skin damage to progress and the skin turns brown or reddish brown.
It looks like darkening of the skin with varicose veins (hyperpigmentation)
The most common causes of skin darkening are vein pathologies, and the most common cause is varicose veins. Darkening of the skin occurs in successive stages, beginning with the onset of venous reflux in the varicose veins. Over time, more and more veins are included in the pathological process, which leads to the progression of pigmentation (darkening of the skin).
A pathological increase in venous pressure in the legs due to varicose veins leads to the destruction of some blood cells and the accumulation of pigment in the skin. The discoloration of the skin is first noticeable in the area of the ankles or the lower third of the lower leg.
Skin pigmentation (darkening of the skin)
Skin pigmentation (darkening of the skin), without proper treatment, progresses, the color changes from reddish to yellow-brown or reddish-brown. Further, the skin can become sore, hard and scar-like in consistency and texture. These changes indicate the transition of trophic changes to the next stage, lipodermatosclerosis. And the next stage of trophic disorders will be a venous trophic ulcer. These metamorphoses can take years or several months. It is quite easy to find out what processes are associated with hyperpigmentation (darkening) of the skin. It is enough to visit a phlebologist and perform a duplex ultrasound examination of the venous vessels of the lower extremities.
It is possible to stop skin pigmentation, and most importantly, to prevent trophic disorders from going into an even more severe stage. This can be achieved by modern treatment of varicose veins. And the more timely such treatment is, the fewer trophic disorders will have to be dealt with. Experienced specialists in a good city phlebology center will help not only cure darkening of the skin, but also avoid the development of further complications.
The result of laser treatment of skin darkening after 3 months
Could darkening of the skin be associated with varicose veins of the legs?
Yes, the most common cause of skin darkening (hyperpigmentation) is varicose veins. These changes occur due to the accumulation of hemosiderin (a breakdown product of hemaglobin) in the skin and subcutaneous fat.
Why does darkening of the skin occur with varicose veins?
Darkening of the skin with varicose veins occurs due to prolonged stagnation of venous blood in the distal parts of the lower extremities. One of the results of this stagnation will be chronic inflammation with sweating outside the venous vessels of erythrocytes. Subsequently, the hemoglobin present in the composition of these cells will provide local skin pigmentation.
Darkening of the skin, how to deal with it?
It is possible to effectively fight darkening of the skin with varicose veins with the help of timely treatment of the varicose veins itself.
How to avoid the appearance of darkening of the skin?
Hyperpigmentation (darkening of the skin) can be avoided with the help of effective treatment and prevention of varicose veins. Periodic visits to a phlebologist with duplex ultrasound scanning of the venous bed will be the best way to avoid possible darkening of the skin.
How to treat darkening of the skin with varicose veins?
In each specific case, the treatment of varicose veins with hyperpigmentation (darkening) of the skin will be individual according to the choice of methods and the duration of the treatment process. You need to find a good vein specialist and follow their recommendations.