Varicose veins. What is varicose veins. Symptoms, causes, stages and treatment of varicose veins on the legs


  1. What is varicose veins?
  2. Causes of varicose veins
  3. Pregnancy and varicose veins
  4. Varicose veins: symptoms and stages of the disease
  5. Varicose veins: complications you should be aware of!
  6. Varicosity: Diagnosis
  7. Varicose veins: treatment
  8. Varicose veins: conservative treatment
  9. Varicosity: medications
  10. Varicose veins. Treatment is an operation!
  11. How to treat varicose veins with alternative methods
  12. Varicosity: how to cure to the end
  13. Varicosity: prevention
  14. Frequently asked questions of patients about varicose veins of the lower extremities

What is varicose veins?


Varicose veins are a very common disease among the population over the age of 30, the essence of which is inflammation of the walls of the veins, their bulging, the appearance of nodules and in severe cases of ulcers.

varicose veins - what is it

It looks like varicose veins!


Most often, varicose veins give surprises to women who suffer, suffering not only from aesthetic defects, but also from the discomfort and pain that accompany varicose veins on the legs.

Varicose veins - causes


There are only a few main causes of the disease:

  • Sedentary, sedentary work or work in which you have to constantly be standing
  • Obesity
  • Heredity
  • Age and sex. The greatest probability of development of varicose disease in women in 30-40 years

venous valves on the legs

Doctors phlebologists treating varicose veins and Wikipedia claim that in a healthy person blood flows through the veins from the bottom up. This is ensured by:

  • Rhythmic contractions of the heart
  • Presence of valves in the veins
  • The work of the leg muscles

High static loads or reduced physical activity cause an increase in venous pressure in the lower extremities. Vessels do not withstand such stress and begin to stretch, and their walls become thinner. This leads to a gap between the valve and the vessel, the blood flow goes in the opposite direction, which is called reflux.

Pregnancy and varicose veins


Typically, in women, varicose veins during pregnancy are very common, sometimes accompanied by expansion of the veins of the perineum and pelvic region.

Varicose veins in pregnant women

Varicose veins in pregnant women


Varicose veins of the small pelvis of this type arise from the pressure exerted by the enlarged uterus on the veins.

Varicose veins: symptoms and stages of the disease

Stage varicose veins of the lower extremities

The clinic of varicose veins is caused by the stages of the disease:

  • 0 stage. The first symptoms are heaviness and fatigue in the legs after a working day, swelling of the ankles, feet and lower leg lower in the evening. However, all symptoms disappear after a night rest or after active walking.
  • 1 stage. Symptoms of the 0 stage are joined by vascular sprouts on the legs, pain along the veins and rare nocturnal cramps in the calves.
  • 2 stage. At this stage, the veins and nodules are already felt on the skin, which appear after a prolonged sitting or standing position. Already at this stage there is a high probability of blood clots.
  • 3 stage. To all the above signs are added permanent swelling late in the evening, which in the morning can no longer completely pass.
  • 4 stage. Skin on legs can acquire a dark color. There is atrophy of the skin.
  • 5 stage. Trophic ulcers, capable of healing, appear.
  • 6 stage. Trophic ulcers do not heal.

Varicosity: complications that you should know.


If you postpone treatment for later, then soon you can wait for the appearance of complications.

Blood clots due to stagnation can lead to thrombophlebitis, edema, pulmonary infarction, or even sudden death from thromboembolism. Non-healing trophic ulcers, eczema and dermatitis may appear, as well as the color of the affected area of ​​the skin. Permanent edema leads to the compaction of fatty tissue. A very unpleasant complication is bleeding from varicose nodes, which occurs due to thinning of the skin at the site of an enlarged vein or mechanical damage.

Bleeding from the veins

Bleeding from veins of the lower extremities


At the same time, women may have varicose veins of the small pelvis, which is manifested by pain after sex and walking, dysmenorrhea, severe PMS, secretions, etc.

Varicosity: Diagnosis


Diagnosis of this disease is carried out by a phlebologist during examination, it determines the expected stage of the disease and assigns functional tests and instrumental methods of research:

  • Ultrasonic Doppler
  • Ultrasound duplex angioscanning
  • Radionuclide and radiopaque phleboscintigraphy
  • Phlebomanometry. It allows to determine the state of deep veins.
  • Plethysmography
  • Photoplethysmography

YES. Fedorov diagnoses varicose veins

YES. Fedorov diagnoses varicose veins


After passing the diagnosis, the phlebologist physician makes a verdict and appoints the most rational treatment for a particular case.

Varicose veins: treatment


Defeat varicose veins. Treatment in Moscow.

How to treat? Initial varicose veins (Moscow has great potential in this area) can be cured in three directions: compression therapy, physiotherapy exercises and drug treatment. Varicose veins (laser treatment in Moscow has recently become very common) is treated until complete recovery. Treatment of RFA (RFO) has also become popular. All of these methods for treating varicose veins can be found on our website. In short, then:

Varicose veins: conservative treatment


Compression therapy consists of daily bandaging the legs with an elastic bandage or putting on elastic stockings. Varicose veins, treatment without surgery are words that have become a reality for many.

Varicosity: medications


Also used only in the initial stages of varicose veins. It consists in the appointment of drugs that improve circulation and promote blood thinning, strengthen walls, improve vein tone and relieve pain.

It is necessary to regularly engage in special exercises and with a long sitting to raise your feet on the hill. Still, many people are more interested in varicose veins, its laser treatment, its cost, and other methods of treatment.

Varicose veins - sclerotherapy treatment


Sclerotherapy is also a modern non-surgical method, when a special drug is injected into an enlarged vein, which glues and then dissolves the walls of the affected vessel.

sclerotherapy for varicose veins

Sclerotherapy for varicose veins is an effective method in the initial stages


Varicose veins - sclerotherapy treatment


These procedures can significantly improve the condition of the legs, but to a greater extent these are aesthetic procedures aimed at improving the cosmetic state of the lower limbs.

Varicose veins. Treatment is an operation!


Surgical intervention involves a radical solution to the problem.

  • Phlebectomy is a surgical removal (pulling out with a special metal probe) of the affected areas of the veins, while reflux and varicose veins are eliminated.
  • Varicose veins. Laser treatment in Moscow. The technique is also aimed at eliminating vertical reflux and cauterization of blood vessels from the inside to stop the growing varicose veins. Laser treatment (you can read the reviews yourself on our website) is very effective. Varicose veins, laser treatment, the price of it is of interest to many patients.
  • Varicose veins. Radiofrequency treatment is the most modern way to get rid of the disease. Varicose veins, RFA treatment in Moscow are inseparable concepts. The procedure is carried out using a special radio frequency apparatus by burning the vein wall with microwaves. Varicose veins disappear so quickly. RFO treatment has become a salvation for many who do not want to perform the traumatic classical phlebectomy.

laser treatment for varicose veins

Doctors Semenov A.Yu. and Kalachev I.I. conduct a master class on the treatment of varicose veins with RFA


Each of these methods has its own specific indications and contraindications, which should be taken into account by the phlebologist and surgeon. Varicosity, treatment of RFO in Moscow has become a matter for many patients. Many are interested in laser treatment, the price of which is sometimes very different in clinics. In our clinic the treatment of varicose veins with a laser, when the cost is as important as the quality of life, passes quickly and painlessly! And then varicose veins (after the operation, rehabilitation is not needed at all) will cease to torment you for many years.

Ointment from varicose veins


Many patients go for help to the pharmacy, where they sell drugs for varicose veins for external use. Cowarene varicose, how to treat better and by what means? Here are some of them:

  • Gel Venoruton - contains rutin, which improves vascular tone and reduces swelling.
  • Gel Aescin - a preparation based on horse chestnut extract and heparin, reduces the possibility of blood clots, relieves swelling and tones veins.
  • Ginkor Gel - created on the basis of the ginkgo biloba plant eliminates edema, increases the tone of veins and relieves inflammation.
  • Heparin ointment - eliminates the formation of blood clots and relieves pain.

But it is better not to be deceived, expecting an immediate removal of varicose veins, you should seek the help of qualified specialists who will take away varicose veins. Treatment (the price of health can not be big) will prevail.

How to treat varicose veins with alternative methods


You can "rein in" varicose veins (treatment with folk remedies is still not extinct), recipes that are passed down from generation to generation. Varicose veins: treatment with alternative methods. Popular remedies:

Recipes at home, reviews about which were good:

  • Compress of grated garlic with butter (1: 2);
  • Compress, made from gruel wormwood, mixed with sour milk;

Varicosity: how to treat with pain

  • Infusion of nettle for internal use;
  • Tincture of chestnut flowers for alcohol for internal use, etc.

Varicose veins - home treatment. Photos, results


Dangerous varicose veins. Treatment, as well as cost, are very important aspects. Varicose veins photos and the results have collected a lot, users often post them on the network. Many of these recipes are based on popular wisdom, but do not take into account modern approaches to examination and treatment.

Leg after leech treatment

Leg after leech treatment

Varicosity: how to cure to the end


It is quite possible to cure varicose veins in Moscow. But for this you need to seriously take care of your health. Do not self-medicate, it is better to turn in time for medical help. Complications of the disease are very unpleasant and even life-threatening.

Varicosity: prevention


To prevent the development of varicose veins:

  • Watch your weight.
  • Do not wear shoes with very high heels and tightly tighten claws or stockings.
  • Lead an active lifestyle and do daily exercises.
  • Wear compression knitwear against varicose veins.
  • To conduct self-massage of feet.
  • Make contrasting douches of the feet.
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight.
  • Do not abuse the hot tub and sauna.
  • Sleep with the roller under your feet.
  • At the first symptoms of the disease, consult a doctor.

Observing these recommendations, you will be protected from varicose veins, although there is still a probability of development, since the hereditary factor is predetermining. Look, read and analyze everything you found on our site in the section: varicose treatment (reviews, photos, results).

Prevention of varicose veins

Prevention of varicose veins is the best way to fight varicose veins!


In conclusion, we can say that varicose veins is a disease that can be successfully treated without surgery with the help of endovascular and compression therapy, but for this it is necessary to come to the doctor in the early stages, when the symptoms are still poorly expressed and it has not come to complications. Modern medicine has stepped forward and at the moment there are excellent methods of endovascular treatment of this disease - fast, painless and effective. Compliance with the doctor's prescriptions, adherence to all instructions and refusal to self-treatment will give an excellent result in treatment.

 Frequently asked questions about varicose veins of our patients on the Internet


What is the best treatment for varicose veins?

Today, the best treatment for varicose veins will be an integrated approach, including modern endovascular intervention on the venous system, compression therapy and drug therapy.

Why does varicose veins form on the legs?

The venous vessels of the lower extremities experience the greatest hydrostatic load, both during static and dynamic loads. By the way, varicose veins are practically not found in other mammals. To some extent, varicose veins are a person's payment for walking upright.

Why does varicose veins of the lower extremities develop?

Varicose veins of the lower extremities develops due to the following factors:

  • Наследственность.
  • Increased load on the lower limbs, especially static.
  • Obesity.
  • Age.
  • Gender, women are at greater risk of developing varicose veins.

Can varicose veins be cured without going to a doctor?

Varicose veins cannot be cured without the participation of a doctor. Moreover, for adequate treatment, it is necessary to contact a specialized specialist, a phlebologist. Only if this condition is met, you will receive the expected result of the treatment of varicose veins.

What is the best operation for varicose veins?

The best operation that modern medicine can offer at present is endovasal laser coagulation of varicose veins. It is this technology that today is the gold standard for the treatment of varicose veins today.